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Table 4 Ethnic differentials in levels of stigma measures among the respondents, Nigeria

From: HIV/AIDS stigma and utilization of voluntary counselling and testing in Nigeria

  Ethnic Group  
Stigma Measures Igbo (East) Yoruba (West) Total
Negative Feelings    
% Very angry 56.4 32.0* 45.3
% Very Disgusted 53.5 43.0* 49.1
% Very afraid 56.3 56.3 56.3
Coercive Attitudes    
% Quarantine PLWHAs 67.0 76.9* 71.8
% Mandatory HIV testing 78.3 93.9* 85.3
% Public Labeling 50.8 39.2 47.1
Attribution of Blame    
% Gotten what they deserve 51.8 63.2 57.3
% Sexually loose people 35.6 41.4* 38.3
% Responsible for their illness 55.7 55.0 55.4
Avoidant Behaviours    
% Avoid caring for an infected relation 53.9 33.9* 55.9
% Avoid infected shopkeeper 83.0 86.5 84.8
% Avoid infected workmate 72.7 61.6* 67.4
% Avoid child in school of an infected pupil 43.0 55.9 53.4
Symbolic Contact and Interaction: Comfortable with PLWHA in
Shaking hands 43.5 58.5 50.8
Using same plate 15.8 41.3 28.1
Working in same place 41.9 55.6* 48.6
Hugging 16.1 36.3* 25.9
Kissing 5.5 10.2* 7.8
Sharing toilet 14.8 27.1* 20.8
Attitude to an infected partner
Caring for him/her 67.7 58.3* 63.1
Eat with him/her 23.4 43.4 33.1
Sleep together 17.8 41.4* 29.3
Sit and chat together 61.5 59.5 60.5
Walk and move together 55.8 54.5 55.2
  1. * Significant at p <0.05.