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Table 4 Causes of workplace discomfort based on individual conditions associated with the burnout types

From: Causes of discomfort in the academic workplace and their associations with the different burnout types: a mixed-methodology study

  Frenetic Under-challenged Worn-out
Subjects Raw OR p Raw OR p Raw OR p
(95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Overload       
 Volume 1.29 (0.51-3.22) 0.593 1.27 (0.51-3.17) 0.614 1.03 (0.41-2.58) 0.943
 Distress 1.20 (0.60-2.39) 0.603 0.69 (0.32-1.48) 0.335 1.68 (0.88-3.18) 0.114
 Symptoms 1.21 (0.48-3.00) 0.689 0.39 (0.11-1.34) 0.134 1.21 (0.48-3.00) 0.689
Powerlessness       
 Uncertainty 2.10 (0.78-5.67) 0.143 0.60 (0.17-2.13) 0.429 0.72 (0.23-2.24) 0.567
 Contingencies 0.72 (0.08-6.52) 0.770 1.92 (0.32-11.66) 0.478 9.74 (1.08-88.05) 0.043
 Balancing 0.47 (0.13-1.62) 0.229 0.89 (0.32-2.48) 0.818 0.54 (0.18-1.64) 0.276
Rewards       
 Recognition 1.50 (0.70-3.21) 0.297 0.75 (0.32-1.79) 0.517 2.76 (1.34-5.68) 0.006
 Remuneration 1.33 (0.45-3.93) 0.605 0.65 (0.18-2.32) 0.505 0.78 (0.25-2.47) 0.671
Negligence       
 Discouragement 0.14 (0.02-1.02) 0.045 2.77 (1.14-6.73) 0.025 1.19 (0.47-3.03) 0.714
  1. Raw OR: odds ratio resulting from bivariate analysis through a logistic regression model. CI: confidence interval. Significant values (p < 0.05) are in bold.
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