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Table 1 Causes of discomfort in the work environment and concordance indices

From: Causes of discomfort in the academic workplace and their associations with the different burnout types: a mixed-methodology study

  % k SE 95% CI prop z (p)
Physical environment        
Settings        
  Lighting 99.4 0.93 0.03 0.87 - 0.99 3.1 28.85 < 0.001
  Air conditioning 98.0 0.90 0.03 0.84 - 0.96 6.6 27.83 < 0.001
  Ventilation 98.8 0.87 0.03 0.80 - 0.93 3.2 26.85 < 0.001
  Noise 98.2 0.86 0.03 0.80 - 0.93 4.8 26.74 < 0.001
  Cleaning 98.8 0.77 0.03 0.71 - 0.84 1.9 23.97 < 0.001
  Chemicals 98.8 0.77 0.03 0.71 - 0.84 1.9 23.97 < 0.001
  Electricity 98.7 0.66 0.03 0.60 - 0.73 1.3 20.53 < 0.001
  Construction 99.1 0.87 0.03 0.80 - 0.93 2.4 26.84 < 0.001
  Space 96.6 0.80 0.03 0.73 - 0.86 5.9 24.63 < 0.001
Materials        
  Facilities 96.9 0.63 0.03 0.57 - 0.70 2.9 19.59 < 0.001
  Media 99.3 0.94 0.03 0.88 - 1.00 3.8 29.20 < 0.001
  Furniture 99.1 0.84 0.03 0.78 - 0.90 2.0 25.99 < 0.001
  Protection 98.7 0.71 0.03 0.65 - 0.77 1.5 22.00 < 0.001
Journey/access        
  Journey 99.3 0.94 0.03 0.88 - 1.00 3.8 29.20 < 0.001
  Access 99.4 0.75 0.03 0.69 - 0.81 0.8 23.17 < 0.001
Organizational        
Work hours        
  Excess 94.4 0.66 0.03 0.60 - 0.72 5.8 20.41 < 0.001
  Distribution 95.3 0.73 0.03 0.66 - 0.79 6.0 22.46 < 0.001
  Deadlines 98.5 0.90 0.03 0.83 - 0.96 5.2 27.72 < 0.001
  Workday 97.8 0.86 0.03 0.79 - 0.92 5.3 26.49 < 0.001
Structural        
  Form 93.5 0.66 0.03 0.60 - 0.72 6.9 20.40 < 0.001
  Management 94.4 0.78 0.03 0.72 - 0.85 9.6 24.28 < 0.001
  Decisions 97.9 0.84 0.03 0.78 - 0.91 4.9 26.13 < 0.001
  Insecurity 95.9 0.87 0.03 0.81 - 0.93 11.9 26.98 < 0.001
  Incentives 97.5 0.84 0.03 0.78 - 0.91 5.6 26.12 < 0.001
  Control 96.2 0.81 0.03 0.74 - 0.87 6.9 24.94 < 0.001
Functional        
  Administrative 96.5 0.85 0.03 0.79 - 0.92 8.4 26.39 < 0.001
  Role conflicts 93.8 0.64 0.03 0.58 - 0.70 6.1 19.79 < 0.001
  Role ambiguities 95.0 0.78 0.03 0.72 - 0.85 8.4 24.30 < 0.001
  Changes 97.5 0.66 0.03 0.60 - 0.72 2.5 20.39 < 0.001
  Education 99.1 0.83 0.03 0.77 - 0.89 1.9 25.72 < 0.001
  Routine 98.1 0.90 0.03 0.83 - 0.96 6.4 27.73 < 0.001
Interpersonal        
  Competitiveness 96.9 0.78 0.03 0.71 - 0.84 4.9 24.05 < 0.001
  Work environment 92.8 0.80 0.03 0.74 - 0.86 13.9 24.76 < 0.001
  Harassment 97.2 0.76 0.03 0.70 - 0.82 4.1 23.53 < 0.001
  Irresponsibility 97.1 0.86 0.03 0.80 - 0.93 7.3 26.69 < 0.001
Individual        
Workload        
  Volume 91.9 0.68 0.03 0.62 - 0.75 9.5 21.20 < 0.001
  Psychological distress 93.8 0.85 0.03 0.79 - 0.91 16.5 26.29 < 0.001
  Somatic symptoms 97.5 0.89 0.03 0.83 - 0.96 8.4 27.64 < 0.001
Powerlessness        
  Uncertainty 92.9 0.63 0.03 0.57 - 0.69 7.0 19.55 < 0.001
  Contingencies 96.6 0.60 0.03 0.53 - 0.66 2.9 18.45 < 0.001
  Balancing 96.5 0.83 0.03 0.77 - 0.89 7.2 25.66 < 0.001
Rewards        
  Recognition 94.7 0.84 0.03 0.77 - 0.90 12.3 25.90 < 0.001
  Remuneration 98.1 0.87 0.03 0.81 - 0.93 5.1 26.99 < 0.001
Negligence        
  Discouragement 93.2 0.72 0.03 0.65 - 0.78 8.9 22.19 < 0.001
  1. % = percentage of agreement between the 3 referees; k = generalized kappa (3 referees and 2 classification categories); SE = standard error; z (p) = contrast test relative to random classifier; 95% CI = confidence interval at 95%; prop = percentage of positive allocations to total allocations as a measure of prevalence. Global agreement between the 3 referees = 96.8%. Global Kappa =0.80 (95% CI = 0.79-0.81). Kappa homogeneity test: χ2 = 421.43 (df = 43); p < 0.001.
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