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Table 5 Odds Ratio (OR) for IGT and diabetes associated with selected socio-demographic, biological and lifestyle factors among Kuwaiti males and females

From: Trends and risk factors of hyperglycemia and diabetes among Kuwaiti adults: National Nutrition Surveillance Data from 2002 to 2009

  IFG* Diabetes**
  Male Female Male Female
  OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value OR 95% CI P-value
Age Decade (Year)                 
20-29 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
30-39 1.23 0.87 1.72 0.241 0.96 0.69 1.32 0.783 2.94 1.98 4.37 0.001 1.51 0.99 2.31 0.059
40-49 1.71 1.23 2.39 0.002 1.37 1.00 1.88 0.050 4.22 2.85 6.26 0.001 3.53 2.40 5.18 0.001
50-59 2.41 1.63 3.55 0.001 2.01 1.39 2.90 0.001 9.48 6.25 14.37 0.001 9.08 6.10 13.52 0.001
60-69 3.38 2.04 5.60 0.001 2.57 1.48 4.45 0.001 16.27 10.02 26.42 0.001 14.85 8.98 24.57 0.001
BMI Status                 
Normal (<25 kg/m2) 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
Overweight (25- <30 kg/m2) 1.39 1.02 1.91 0.040 1.40 0.97 2.02 0.070 1.43 1.02 2.00 0.038 1.82 1.14 2.89 0.012
Obese (≥30 kg/m2) 1.59 1.15 2.19 0.006 1.77 1.25 2.51 0.001 2.14 1.53 2.98 0.001 2.88 1.85 4.67 0.001
Serum Cholesterol Status                 
Normal (<5.18 mmol/L) 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
Moderate hypercholesterolemia§ 1.07 0.82 1.40 0.634 1.04 0.81 1.34 0.764 0.91 0.70 1.19 0.507 0.91 0.71 1.18 0.491
High hypercholesterolemia 1.28 0.90 1.82 0.173 0.84 0.58 1.21 0.340 1.32 0.95 1.83 0.095 1.22 0.89 1.66 0.217
Education Level                 
Up to Grade VIII 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
High school & diploma 0.85 0.63 1.14 0.278 0.75 0.58 0.98 0.038 0.79 0.60 1.04 0.095 0.73 0.56 0.95 0.021
Undergraduate and above 0.79 0.57 1.09 0.158 0.58 0.42 0.80 0.001 0.68 0.50 0.92 0.014 0.65 0.47 0.90 0.009
Exercise                 
No 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
Yes 0.97 0.76 1.23 0.792 1.01 0.78 1.30 0.95 0.82 0.64 1.04 0.105 0.84 0.65 1.10 0.206
Smoking                 
No 1.00     1.00     1.00     1.00    
Yes 0.68 0.50 0.93 0.015 0.36 0.13 1.00 0.050 1.20 0.91 1.59 0.200 1.08 0.58 2.03 0.803
  1. *Fasting blood glucose is >6.1 but <7.0 mmol/L. **Fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L.
  2. §Serum cholesterol is ≥5.18 but ≤ 6.22 mmol/L. Serum cholesterol is >6.22 mmol/L.