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Table 3 Prevalence of high values of risk factors by geographic region, age standardised

From: The effect of modifiable risk factors on geographic mortality differentials: a modelling study

   Major City   Inner Regional Outer Regional/Remote
Males      
Smoker Prevalence 14.2% (11.7%, 16.2%)   14.8% (11.1%, 17.9%) 19.6% (15.2%, 24.5%)
  SPR 1   1.04 (0.74, 1.35) 1.38 (1.06, 1.93)
Cholesterol Prevalence 53.2% (49.8%, 55.7%)   54.7% (50.2%, 59.0%) 61.1% (56.1%, 65.5%)
  SPR 1   1.03 (0.92, 1.12) 1.15 (1.01, 1.27)
Systolic blood pressure Prevalence 32.6% (29.9%, 35.9%)   30.6% (26.8%, 34.4%) 38.0% (32.7%, 43.5%)
  SPR 1   0.94 (0.84, 1.18) 1.17 (0.91, 1.28)
Females      
Smoker Prevalence 9.3% (7.6%, 11.2%)   11.4% (8.5%, 14.0%) 13.0% (9.5%, 15.9%)
  SPR 1   1.22 (0.89, 1.63) 1.39 (1.00, 1.90)
Cholesterol Prevalence 56.3% (53.1%, 59.6%)   55.8% (51.9%, 59.6%) 60.6% (55.7%, 64.7%)
  SPR 1   0.99 (0.91, 1.09) 1.08 (0.97, 1.18)
Systolic blood pressure Prevalence 27.4% (24.7%, 30.1%)   27.2% (23.8%, 30.8%) 26.1% (22.1%, 30.4%)
  SPR 1   0.99 (0.75, 1.22) 0.95 (0.76, 1.26)
  1. Notes
  2. 1. Proportion of the Australian population at ages 40 and over with high values of risk factors by geographic region, age standardised.
  3. 2. Prevalence estimated from AusDiab survey with 95% confidence intervals in brackets.
  4. 3. Age standardised prevalence rates and Standardised Prevalence Ratios (SPR) calculated using Major City population as the standard population.
  5. 4. The high risk values for systolic blood pressure and total cholesterol were 140 mmHg and 5.5 m mol/l respectively