Skip to main content

Table 3 Zoonotic disease knowledge and educational sources of respondents (Ontario, Canada; N = 641)

From: Household knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in Ontario, Canada

Variables Number respondents (N) Pet currently present in household P-value2
   Yes, N (%)1 No, N (%)1  
Which of the following diseases do you think can be transmitted from pets to people?
  599    
Rabies*   374 (96) 198 (94) 0.15
Intestinal worms*   214 (55) 103 (49) 0.14
HIV/AIDS   43 (11) 14 (7) 0.076
Distemper   43 (11) 19 (9) 0.43
Salmonella*   146 (38) 51 (24) 0.001
Giardia*   37 (10) 9 (4) 0.021
Hepatitis   52 (13) 17 (8) 0.050
Infectious diarrhea*   98 (25) 47 (22) 0.42
Ringworm*   215 (55) 103 (49) 0.12
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)*   36 (9) 18 (9) 0.76
Measles   14 (4) 12 (6) 0.23
Mean knowledge score (SD)3   6.5 (1.4) 6.2 (1.4) 0.0234
I am comfortable with my level of understanding of possible diseases that can occur with pet contact
  577    <0.0015
Strongly agree   136 (35) 32 (17)  
Somewhat agree   146 (38) 90 (47)  
Somewhat disagree   65 (17) 43 (22)  
Strongly disagree   37 (10) 28 (15)  
I am comfortable with my level of understanding of ways to reduce diseases that can occur with pet contact
  567    <0.0015
Strongly agree   121 (32) 26 (14)  
Somewhat agree   143 (38) 81 (42)  
Somewhat disagree   72 (19) 48 (25)  
Strongly disagree   40 (11) 36 (19)  
Medical doctors or their staff ever discussed the possible benefits of owning or keeping a pet
  630    0.003
Yes   31 (8) 7 (3)  
No   338 (84) 213 (93)  
Don’t remember   33 (8) 8 (4)  
Medical doctors or their staff ever asked if you owned any pets
  630    0.029
Yes   99 (25) 39 (17)  
No   243 (60) 139 (61)  
Don’t remember   61 (15) 49 (22)  
Ever received information from any source about diseases that you can get from pets or precautions to take with pets to reduce the risk of disease
  630    < 0.001
Yes   145 (36) 48 (21)  
No   227 (56) 162 (72)  
Don’t remember   33 (8) 15 (7)  
Sources that provided this information6 190    NP
Family physician   28 (20) 14 (29)  
Specialist physician   13 (9) 2 (4)  
Nursing staff   6 (4) 4 (8)  
Public health personnel   13 (9) 9 (19)  
Veterinarian   103 (73) 14 (29)  
Pet store   27 (19) 6 (13)  
Animal breeder   14 (10) 1 (2)  
Friends/relative   27 (19) 17 (35)  
Internet   45 (32) 18 (38)  
Books   41 (29) 12 (25)  
Television/ newspaper/ magazines   29 (20) 12 (25)  
Other   5 (4) 3 (6)  
Most useful source (when 2 or more) 100    NP
Family physician   1 (1) 2 (8)  
Specialist physician   4 (5) 1 (4)  
Public health personnel   1 (1) 1 (4)  
Veterinarian   45 (59) 7 (29)  
Pet store   1 (1) 0  
Animal breeder   3 (4) 0  
Friends/relative   2 (3) 4 (17)  
Internet   8 (11) 5 (21)  
Books   7 (9) 2 (8)  
Television/ newspaper/ magazines   3 (4) 1 (4)  
Other   1 (1) 1 (4)  
Who do you believe should be responsible for providing information about diseases that can occur with pet contact?6
  627    NP
Family physician   190 (47) 121 (55)  
Specialist physician   26 (6) 15 (7)  
Nursing staff   28 (7) 20 (9)  
Public health personnel   127 (31) 120 (54)  
Veterinarian   350 (86) 125 (56)  
Breeder/ pet store/ shelter   18 (4) 10 (5)  
Self   15 (4) 0  
Media   3 (1) 8 (4)  
None   34 (8) 22 (10)  
Other   2 (0) 2 (1)  
  1. 1 Percentages in column may not sum to 100 % due to rounding.
  2. 2 P-value for Pearson χ 2 test, unless otherwise stated.
  3. 3 Calculated as the frequency participants correctly classified the listed diseases as transmitted from pets to people (Min-Max possible score: 0–11).
  4. 4 Student’s t-test, assuming unequal variances.
  5. 5 Non-parametric Cuzick test of trend.
  6. 6 Categories sum to greater than 100 % as some participants listed more than one category.
  7. * Pathogens/syndromes transmitted from pets to people.
  8. NP: Statistical analysis not performed.