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Table 2 Morbidity and health services usage data and percentages of pregnant women receiving folic acid and iron

From: Factors associated with prenatal folic acid and iron supplementation among 21,889 pregnant women in Northern Tanzania: A cross-sectional hospital-based study

Na(%) % Receiving folic acid (n = 3,758) Chi square p-value % Receiving Iron (n = 4,887) Chi square p-value % Receiving iron +  folate (n = 3,508) Chi square p-value
Before pregnancy
Malaria
Y 12,605 (57.6) 12.8 *** 20.4 *** 11.7 ***
N 9,284 (42.4) 23.1   25.0   21.9  
Other diseases before pregnancy
Y 3,795 (17.3) 10.0 *** 19.6 *** 8.7 ***
N 18,094 (82.7) 18.7   22.9   17.6  
HIV
Y 795 (3.8) 18.0 *** 26.4 ** 16.6 ***
N 11,059 (43.5) 14.8   21.5   13.4  
Status unknown 10,035 (52.7) 19.7   22.9   18.9  
During pregnancy
Parity
First child 8,595 (39.3) 20.3 *** 26.5 *** 18.8 ***
Not first child 13,294 (60.8) 15.1   19.6   14.2  
Antenatal care during pregnancy
Y 21,658 (98.9) 17.2 *** 22.4 *** 11.9 ***
N 160 (0.7) 12.5   15.6   16.1  
Number of antenatal care visits
“0-1” 502 (2.4) 14.5 * 18.5   13.1 *
“2-3” 5017 (23.6) 15.9   14.9   14.9  
“4-8” 14387 (67.6) 17.6   16.4   16.4  
“9-15” 1392 (6.5) 18.0   20.5   16.6  
Preeclampsia/Eclampsia
Y 8881 (4.0) 10.2 *** 12.5   8.5 ***
N 21,008 (96.0) 17.5   22.7   16.3  
Anaemia
Y 471 (2.2) 70.1 *** 74.9 *** 65.8 ***
N 21,418 (97.9) 16.0   21.2   14.9  
Malaria
Y 4,465 (20.4) 11.1 *** 14.3   10.2 ***
N 17,424 (79.6) 18.7   24.4   17.5  
Infections
Y 8,924 (40.8) 12.2 *** 15.6   10.7 ***
N 12,965 (59.2) 20.6   27.0   19.7  
Other diseases during pregnancy
Y 1,074 (4.9) 11.0 *** 13.7   9.0 ***
N 20,815 (95.1) 17.5   22.8   16.4  
  1. Northern Tanzania 1999-2008.
  2. * p < 0.05.
  3. ** p < 0.01.
  4. *** p < 0.001.
  5. aThe numbers do not add to the total due to missing values.
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