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Table 3 Measures of severity of diarrhea among children 0-59 mos of age by study type

From: Systematic review of diarrhea duration and severity in children and adults in low- and middle-income countries

   Study Sites1
N
Weighted Mean2
% (95% CI)
Community
Dehydration Any 6 7.3 (6.6-8.0)
  Severe 1 10.9 (-)
Vomiting   10 18.1 (17.4-18.7)
Bloody Stool   9 8.7 (8.2-9.2)
Stool Frequency 3 Frequency > 5 stools/day 3 13.4 (12.5-14.2)
  Frequency > 3 stools/day 2 57.5 (54.4-60.5)
  Mean Stool Frequency (stools/day) 3 4.99 (4.80-5.18)
Hospital Outpatient
Dehydration Any 3 51.4 (49.1-53.8)
  Mild 1 32.8 (-)
  Moderate 4 45.1 (43.5-46.7)
  Severe 2 1.4 (0.7-2.1)
Vomiting   2 55.7 (52.8-58.5)
Stool Frequency 3 Low 1 63.4 (-)
  Medium 1 22.7 (-)
  High 1 14.0 (-)
  Frequency > 5 stools/day 1 55.1 (-)
  Frequency > 3 stools/day 3 84.4 (83.0-85.7)
Hospital Inpatient
Dehydration Any 7 84.6 (83.1-86.1)
  Mild 5 66.7 (63.4-70.0)
  Moderate 6 18.6 (16.2-20.9)
  Severe 10 8.1 (7.6-8.6)
Vomiting   2 58.3 (54.3-62.2)
Bloody Stool   1 16.2 (-)
Stool Frequency 3 High 1 53.6 (-)
  Frequency > 5 stools/day 1 90.0 (-)
Stool Volume Mean Stool Volume (kg/g/day) 1 52.6 (-)
  1. 1Individual studies (n = 27) may contribute more than one study site (N) to each estimate2Estimates for ≥ 2 study sites generated by logistic regression model weighted by sample size; mean stool frequency generated by Poisson regression model weighted by sample size3Low defined as 1-5 stools/day; medium as 6-9 stools/day; and high as ≥ 10 stools/day