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Table 4 Prisoners' self-reported symptoms or diseases and access to health services

From: Self-reported health status and access to health services in a sample of prisoners in Italy

Characteristic No. %
Self-reported health problems at prison entry (625; 96.2)   
   No 439 70.2
   Yes 186 29.8
Self-reported current symptoms or diseases (640; 98.5)   
   No 116 18.1
   Yes 524 81.9
Category of self-reported current symptoms or diseases (523; 80.5)*   
   Dental health problems 293 56.1
   Arthritis or rheumatic pain 210 40.2
   Eye problems 199 38.1
   Gastro-intestinal diseases 191 36.5
   Emotional problems (anxiety, depression) 184 35.2
   High blood pressure 129 24.7
   Cancer 98 18.7
   Bone fractures 92 17.6
   Liver diseases 88 16.8
   Heart diseases 87 16.6
   Emphysema or chronic bronchitis 85 16.3
   Diabetes 79 15.1
   Other 54 10.3
Arranging a medical encounter in case of health complaints (625; 96.2)   
   Never 53 8.5
   Rarely 211 33.8
   Sometimes 156 24.9
   Often 132 21.1
   Very often 73 11.7
Medical examination undergone during last year of incarceration (626; 96.3)   
   No 87 13.9
   Yes 539 86.1
Reason for medical examination during last year of incarceration (296; 45.5)*   
   Arthritis or rheumatic pain 50 16.9
   Emotional problems (anxiety, depression) 49 16.6
   Dental health problems 43 14.5
   Check-up 40 13.5
   Gastro-intestinal diseases 32 10.8
   Heart diseases 29 9.8
   Eye problems 26 8.8
   Bone fractures 24 8.1
   High blood pressure 23 7.8
   Acute respiratory diseases 22 7.4
   Other 98 33.1
Hospital admission during last year of incarceration (599; 92.2)   
   No 531 88.6
   Yes 68 11.4
Having ever attempted suicide within prison (602; 92.6)   
   No 520 86.4
   Yes 82 13.6
Having ever attempted suicide outside prison (617; 94.9)   
   No 568 92.1
   Yes 49 7.9
  1. In brackets the number and percentage of the total sample of 650 prisoners responding to the question
  2. *Multiple responses allowed