Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study populations.

From: Abdominal obesity and other risk factors largely explain the high CRP in Indigenous Australians relative to the general population, but not gender differences: a cross-sectional study

  DRUID AUSDIAB
Variable Men n = 167 Women* n = 345 Men n = 1391 Women* n = 1432
Mean ± SD     
Age (yrs) 43.2 ± 8.7 44.5 ± 8.9 50.9 ± 8.5 50.3 ± 8.4
BMI (kg/m2) 28.8 ± 5.6 29.7 ± 7.7 28.0 ± 4.5 27.7 ± 6.0
WHR 0.98 ± 0.07 0.90 ± 0.10 0.94 ± 0.07 0.82 ± 0.06
Waist (cm) 99.9 ± 14.1 97.5 ± 17.1 98.2 ± 12.0 87.2 ± 13.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 124.5 ± 16.4 117.8 ± 16.8 124.1 ± 17.7 115.4 ± 17.7
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79.5 ± 10.3 75.5 ± 9.3 73.3 ± 9.1 66.0 ± 9.7
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.40 ± 1.33 5.17 ± 0.94 5.19 ± 0.94 5.25 ± 0.97
HDL (mmol/L) 1.02 ± 0.32 1.17 ± 0.33 1.25 ± 0.31 1.56 ± 0.39
Geometric mean(95%CI)     
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 6.04(5.77-6.32) 5.85(5.67-6.04) 5.48(5.44-5.52) 5.23(5.19-5.27)
CRP (mg/L) 3.43(2.68-3.63) 4.65(4.10-5.27) 1.94(1.84-2.04) 2.16(2.03-2.29)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 2.13(1.93-2.35) 1.58(1.49-1.67) 1.43(1.39-1.47) 1.10(1.07-1.13)
Fibrinogen 3.69(3.51-3.89) 3.82(3.68-3.97) 2.70(2.67-2.74) 2.86(2.82-2.89)
Fasting Insulin (mU/L)** 9.11(8.16-10.18) 10.41(9.54-11.37) 7.56(7.31-7.83) 6.94(6.72-7.18)
HOMA-IR** 2.45(2.15-2.78) 2.71(2.45-3.00) 1.84(1.77-1.91) 1.61(1.55-1.67)
Percentages     
Glucose tolerance     
   Diabetes 23.3 25.2 6.8 5.4
   IFG/IGT 19.8 16.5 12.8 9.5
   Normal 56.9 58.3 80.4 85.1
Smoking status     
   Current 45.5 42.9 13.0 8.9
   Former 28.1 22.0 33.9 27.6
   Never 21.0 27.2 49.4 59.6
  1. *Women who are pregnant, using HRT or oral contraceptives are excluded.
  2. **People with known diabetes on insulin (AusDiab), or insulin/tablets (DRUID) are excluded from these estimates.