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Table 3 Dietary scores and selected aspects of diet at baseline and 12 months.

From: Rural to urban migration and changes in cardiovascular risk factors in Tanzania: a prospective cohort study

  start 12 months Difference  
Food Score Mean (SD) Mean (SD) 95% CI P value
Men (n = 68)     
Diet score a     
Fruit & Vegetable Score 9.6 (4.4) 11.3 (5.2) 1.8 (0.3,3.2) 0.017
Protein Score 10.4 (5.6) 10.6 (5.5) 0.3 (-1.5,2.0) 0.77
Carbohydrate Score 22.6 (7.5) 24.3 (8.3) 1.8 (-0.4,3.9) 0.11
Saturated Fat Score 7.5 (4.2) 9.3 (4.7) 1.8 (0.5,3.2) 0.009
Selected food items b     
Fried potatoes 1.3 (1.7) 1.8 (1.7) 0.4 (-0.1,1.0) 0.13
Fresh vegetables 1.8 (2.1) 2.7 (2.6) 0.9 (0.1,1.7) 0.022
Fresh fruit 3.4 (2.0) 4.1 (2.2) 0.7 (0.1,1.3) 0.016
Red meat 2.2 (1.7) 3.3 (2.2) 1.1 (0.5,1.7) 0.001
Soft drinks 2.3 (2.2) 3.0 (2.2) 0.7 (0.1,1.3) 0.015
Women (n = 64)     
Diet score a     
Fruit & Vegetable Score 9.0 (3.6) 12.0 (12.9) 3.0 (1.5,4.5) <0.001
Protein Score 9.1 (5.6) 9.6 (5.0) 0.5 (-1.3,2.3) 0.57
Carbohydrate Score 22.0 (6.6) 24.4 (8.2) 2.4 (-0.3,5.1) 0.084
Saturated Fat Score 7.2 (4.4) 8.2 (4.5) 1.0 (-0.7,2.6) 0.24
Selected food items b     
Fried potatoes 1.0 (1.5) 1.6 (1.8) 0.6 (0.0,1.2) 0.050
Fresh vegetables 1.3 (1.8) 2.7 (2.5) 1.4 (0.6,2.2) 0.001
Fresh fruit 2.8 (2.0) 4.1 (2.3) 1.3 (0.6,2.1) 0.001
Red meat 1.8 (1.6) 2.8 (2.1) 1.0 (0.4,1.6) 0.002
Soft drinks 1.6 (1.8) 2.6 (2.1) 1.0 (0.4,1.6) 0.002
  1. aFigures represent the minimum number of "portions" consumed per week.
  2. bFigures represent the mean number of days per week on which at least one "portion" of each item was consumed.